ControlClick

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Sends a mouse button or mouse wheel event to a control.

ControlClick [, Control-or-Pos, WinTitle, WinText, WhichButton, ClickCount, Options, ExcludeTitle, ExcludeText]

Parameters

Control-or-Pos

If this parameter is blank, the target window's topmost control will be clicked (or the target window itself if it has no controls). Otherwise, one of the two modes below will be used.

Mode 1 (Position): Specify the X and Y coordinates relative to the target window's upper left corner. The X coordinate must precede the Y coordinate and there must be at least one space or tab between them. For example: X55 Y33. If there is a control at the specified coordinates, it will be sent the click-event at those exact coordinates. If there is no control, the target window itself will be sent the event (which might have no effect depending on the nature of the window). Note: In this mode, the X and Y option letters of the Options parameter are ignored.

Mode 2 (ClassNN or Text): Specify either ClassNN (the classname and instance number of the control) or the name/text of the control, both of which can be determined via Window Spy. When using name/text, the matching behavior is determined by SetTitleMatchMode.

By default, mode 2 takes precedence over mode 1. For example, in the unlikely event that there is a control whose text or ClassNN has the format "Xnnn Ynnn", it would be acted upon by Mode 2. To override this and use mode 1 unconditionally, specify the word Pos in Options as in the following example: ControlClick, x255 y152, WinTitle,,,, Pos

To operate upon a control's HWND (window handle), leave this parameter blank and specify ahk_id %ControlHwnd% for the WinTitle parameter (this also works on hidden controls even when DetectHiddenWindows is Off) . The HWND of a control is typically retrieved via ControlGet Hwnd, MouseGetPos, or DllCall.

WinTitle The title or partial title of the target window (the matching behavior is determined by SetTitleMatchMode). If this and the other 3 window parameters are omitted, the Last Found Window will be used. If this is the letter A and the other 3 window parameters are omitted, the active window will be used. To use a window class, specify ahk_class ExactClassName (shown by Window Spy). To use a process identifier (PID), specify ahk_pid %VarContainingPID%. To use a window group, specify ahk_group GroupName. To use a window's unique ID number, specify ahk_id %VarContainingID%. The search can be narrowed by specifying multiple criteria. For example: My File.txt ahk_class Notepad
WinText If present, this parameter must be a substring from a single text element of the target window (as revealed by the included Window Spy utility). Hidden text elements are detected if DetectHiddenText is ON.
WhichButton

The button to click: LEFT, RIGHT, MIDDLE (or just the first letter of each of these). If omitted or blank, the LEFT button will be used.

Windows 2000/XP or later: X1 (XButton1, the 4th mouse button) and X2 (XButton2, the 5th mouse button) are also supported.

Windows NT/2000/XP or later: WheelUp (or WU) and WheelDown (or WD) are also supported. In this case, ClickCount is the number of notches to turn the wheel.

Windows Vista or later [v1.0.48+]: WheelLeft (or WL) and WheelRight (or WR) are also supported (they have no effect on older operating systems). In this case, ClickCount is the number of notches to turn the wheel.

ClickCount The number of clicks to send, which can be an expression. If omitted or blank, 1 click is sent.
Options

A series of zero or more of the following option letters. For example: d x50 y25

NA [v1.0.45+]: May improve reliability. See reliability below.

D: Press the mouse button down but do not release it (i.e. generate a down-event). If both the D and U options are absent, a complete click (down and up) will be sent.

U: Release the mouse button (i.e. generate an up-event). This option should not be present if the D option is already present (and vice versa).

Pos: Specify the word Pos anywhere in Options to unconditionally use the X/Y positioning mode as described in the Control-or-Pos parameter above.

Xn: Specify for n the X position to click at, relative to the control's upper left corner. If unspecified, the click will occur at the horizontal-center of the control.

Yn: Specify for n the Y position to click at, relative to the control's upper left corner. If unspecified, the click will occur at the vertical-center of the control.

Use decimal (not hexadecimal) numbers for the X and Y options.

ExcludeTitle Windows whose titles include this value will not be considered.
ExcludeText Windows whose text include this value will not be considered.

ErrorLevel

ErrorLevel is set to 1 if there was a problem or 0 otherwise.

Reliability

To improve reliability -- especially during times when the user is physically moving the mouse during the ControlClick -- one or both of the following may help:

1) Use SetControlDelay -1 prior to ControlClick. This avoids holding the mouse button down during the click, which in turn reduces interference from the user's physical movement of the mouse.

2) Specify the string NA anywhere in the sixth parameter (Options) as shown below:

SetControlDelay -1
ControlClick, Toolbar321, WinTitle,,,, NA

"NA" avoids marking the target window as active and avoids merging its input processing with that of the script, which may prevent physical movement of the mouse from interfering (but usually only when the target window is not active). However, this method might not work for all types of windows and controls.

Remarks

Not all applications obey a ClickCount higher than 1 for turning the mouse wheel. For those applications, use a Loop to turn the wheel more than one notch as in this example, which turns it 5 notches:

Loop, 5
    ControlClick, Control, WinTitle, WinText, WheelUp

Window titles and text are case sensitive. Hidden windows are not detected unless DetectHiddenWindows has been turned on.

Related

SetControlDelay, Control, ControlGet, ControlGetText, ControlMove, ControlGetPos, ControlFocus, ControlSetText, ControlSend, Click

Examples

ControlClick, OK, Some Window Title  ; Clicks the OK button
ControlClick, x55 y77, WinTitle  ; Clicks at a set of coordinates. Note the lack of a comma between X and Y.

; The following method may improve reliability and reduce side effects:
SetControlDelay -1
ControlClick, Toolbar321, WinTitle,,,, NA x192 y10  ; Clicks in NA mode at coordinates that are relative to a named control.

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