## How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6mKPM

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Topic review

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

Code: Select all

``````Gui, Add, Text, x12 y9 w100 h30 , a (m/s)
Gui, Add, Text, x12 y39 w100 h30 , b (m/s)
Gui, Add, Text, x12 y69 w100 h30 , Classic Physics`n  a+b
Gui, Add, Text, x12 y99 w100 h30 , Special Theory`n  (a+b)/(1+(ab/c^2))
Gui, Add, Edit, x122 y9 w150 h20 va gUpdate, 0
Gui, Add, Edit, x122 y39 w150 h20 vb gUpdate, 0
Gui, Show

c := 299792458  ;speed of light in m/s

Update:
Gui, Submit, NoHide
GuiControl,, Classic, % a+b
GuiControl,, Special, % (a+b)/(1+(a*b/c**2))
return

GuiClose:
ExitApp
return
``````
Thanks for this example @LinearSpoon

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

FWIW I thought it was funny.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

LinearSpoon, you seem to be mad at me that I doodled on your drawing.

Initially I've thought that those doodles would just be funny, but I can see they could also be interpreted as offensive depending on how serious one treats the topic. It wasn't my intention to look at it this way.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

@trismarck, I'm afraid I don't understand your reference, but I do realize there is a joke there.

@Sjc1000, regarding the car & headlights question: If you believe Einstein's theory of special relativity, the answer is A. There's no reason you shouldn't believe the theory, it has been experimentally verified multiple times and even has practical uses, for example in GPS calculations.

The velocity vector addition that we typically use is a simplification of the true formula which works because we tend to deal with speeds that are a small fraction of the speed of light.

Here is Einstein's formula for adding relative velocities a and b to find their total velocity, v relative to the observer. c is the speed of light, which is constant for all observers.

You can see that if a and b are small numbers, the denominator of this formula may as well be 1+0.

Lets analyze this situation. Let a be the velocity of the car, and b the velocity of the light from the headlights. We will choose the driver of the car as the observer.
Relative to the driver, the car is moving 0 m/s. Relative to the driver, the light will exit the headlights at c m/s.
So:

Code: Select all

``````a = 0
b = c

0 + c
v =  -----------------
1 + (0*c / c^2)

c
v = ------- = c
1 + 0``````
The driver will observe the light travelling forward from his car at c, or 299792458 m/s, a number which is exact because the meter is defined based on the speed of light.

As an interesting side point, you can also perform the same calculation as a stationary observer.
The car is moving at c m/s relative to the stationary observer, and the light comes out of the car headlight at c m/s.

Code: Select all

``````a = c
b = c

c + c
v =  -----------------
1 + (c*c / c^2)

2*c
v = ------- = c
1 + 1``````
So the stationary observer also sees the headlight moving at 299792458 m/s relative to himself.

The reason this works out to the same speed is because time passes differently for each observer, and space "shrinks" when observing objects that have a different velocity than your own. This is where people are getting that it is possible to time travel by moving near the speed of light. It should also be noted that this is purely theoretical, it's impossible for any object with mass to reach the speed of light. This is because as you reach higher velocities, your mass will increase, which will end up requiring an infinite amount of force to continue accelerating towards the speed of light.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Length_contraction
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_dilation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hafele%E2% ... experiment

And a simple calculator. a and b are velocities relative to an observer, Classic Physics returns the common velocity addition, Special Theory returns Einstein's velocity addition. All units are m/s.

Code: Select all

``````Gui, Add, Text, x12 y9 w100 h30 , a (m/s)
Gui, Add, Text, x12 y39 w100 h30 , b (m/s)
Gui, Add, Text, x12 y69 w100 h30 , Classic Physics`n  a+b
Gui, Add, Text, x12 y99 w100 h30 , Special Theory`n  (a+b)/(1+(ab/c^2))
Gui, Add, Edit, x122 y9 w150 h20 va gUpdate, 0
Gui, Add, Edit, x122 y39 w150 h20 vb gUpdate, 0
Gui, Show

c := 299792458  ;speed of light in m/s

Update:
Gui, Submit, NoHide
GuiControl,, Classic, % a+b
GuiControl,, Special, % (a+b)/(1+(a*b/c**2))
return

GuiClose:
ExitApp
return
``````
Some interesting things to try:
1. Very low values for a and b.
Spoiler
2. Values of 500,000 for each.
Spoiler
3. The speed of light (299792458) for a and any other value for b.
Spoiler
I hope that explanation wasn't too detailed. I think I got carried away researching it..fascinating stuff though.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

LinearSpoon, are you sure? I've zoomed the picture and I think I can see a spaceship there:
From the shape of the hull, it's probably a Marklarian one.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

It's supposed to be a smooth curve. It was a quick drawing done with paint and isn't meant to be a perfect representation of what's going on.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

Hello,

I don't understand one of the drawings. It looks like there is a distortion of time-space caused by some unidentified object (perhaps an alien ship) which (the object) prevents the rocket from following its projected trajectory.
but I'm not sure if I interpret this correctly. I'll be thankful for any input.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

Sjc1000 wrote:I chose B since light physically cannot move master than the speed of light ( that we know of ).
And if you're travelling at that speed, the lights cannot move faster than you.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

Oh if we need to select an anwser then I say "A" (just to be different of others...)
So, They beam out in front, like normal. Regardless of your speed ? If it is relative, time and space will have distortion, it will depends of the observator, external spectator will not see same thing than the car driver (not 2*C)...

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

jethrow wrote:From what perspective - you in the car, or someone standing still outside the car? If you look look at yourself in the mirror, you will still see your reflection, and you will still see your headlights as normal. But then, how do we measure what we see - what medium is it relative to?
The perspective is whoever can see the headlights. But if you really want one, from the car.
xZomBie wrote:Do you have the correct answer? I choose B.
I chose B since light physically cannot move master than the speed of light ( that we know of ).
And if you're travelling at that speed, the lights cannot move faster than you.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

I extrapolate if the traveler is a human with eye, I think you will have a frozen image if you look at your back but not in other directions, it will be like a distortion (warp) because it is relative, you will catch photon reflected at different time, it will be like old thing and new thing in the same image and that will depends of what direction you look at (eyes angle, relative to your move)... to imagine that light are just flux, and you catch them during your travel.

At your back, it will be always the same image that you saw at the moment just before you reach the speed of light, it will be always the same photons that they are now stuck in your eye and stimulus your photoreceptor cell (rod cell and cone cell). But I dunno maybe they are a quantum mecanism or state on/off needed for your human camera (eye), also there is the problem of the retina persistance because the cell will regenerate with still a photon inside, and how information eye to brain can travel more faster than light.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

From what perspective - you in the car, or someone standing still outside the car? If you look look at yourself in the mirror, you will still see your reflection, and you will still see your headlights as normal. But then, how do we measure what we see - what medium is it relative to?

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

Do you have the correct answer? I choose B.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

I think it will be like walking along with your dog, it will stay beside you if your speed is the same.
But since you're on a car, then the light stays inside of your headlights.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

Aahh this just reminds me of the question.

If you are ( somehow. If someone figures out how PLEASE TELL ME ) traveling in a car at the speed of light, and you turn on the headlights. What would happen?

A) They beam out in front, like normal. Regardless of your speed.
B) The light goes nowhere because it cannot move faster than you are.

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

Currently, the "fastest" object created is Voyager 1, it runs at 61333 km/h (speed relative to sun) and it leaved solar system...

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

You seem to be making a lot of assumptions about space travel:
1. That the moon and the rocket speeds are measured relative to the same source.
2. That a rocket leaving the Earth will not "inherit" the Earth's velocity.
3. That getting to the moon is just a matter of "chasing it" until you catch up to it.
4. That the Earth's gravity does not keep the moon in orbit around Earth. Or maybe you were implying gravity doesn't exist.

I am tempted to regard this as a troll thread...

### Re: How Can Rockets Travel To The Moon, If MoonTravels at 6m

lol. I think you are trolling, but on the off chance you aren't... Everything you said is wrong or misinterpreted. You are missing a critical point about speed. In order to measure something's speed, you have to measure it in relation to something else.
Roonyroo wrote:The problem is the moon isnt strictly rotating around the earth
You're seriously saying the Moon doesn't orbit the Earth?
Roonyroo wrote:... the moon is travelling at a fixed speed of 6million kmh,
Speed relative to what?
Roonyroo wrote:so as soon as the shuttle travelling at 27,000 kmh leaves the earth, the moon because its travelling at 6million kmh should fly past the shuttle making it impossible for the shuttle to reach the moon
It's not like dropping a tennis ball out of a moving car. The Earth and the Moon are moving at close to the same speed around the Sun. Once a Saturn rocket leaves earth, it is moving at the speed of Earth plus its escape velocity.
Roonyroo wrote:Also you guys seem to be making an assumption that the moon is stuck in the gravitation field of the earth, when in fact the moon moves relative to the rotation of the solar system
The moon orbits the earth at 1.022 km/s (Speed relative to the Earth). The Earth orbits the Sun at 29.78 km/s (107200 km/h) (Speed relative to the Sun). The Sun orbits the galactic center at 220 km/s ( 792000 kph) (Speed relative to the galactic center). The Milky Way moves at approximately 552 ± 6 km/s relative to CMB rest frame.
Roonyroo wrote:Basically if the earth wasnt there, the moon would still travel in the exact same position at 6 million kmh
Wrong.
Roonyroo wrote:So if there's no gravitation field or centrifuge to hold the moon in place, how is a shuttle travelling at 27k kmh reaching an object travelling at 6million kmh ...Magic gravity fields, centrifuges etc...
You keep using those words... I don't think they mean what you think they mean.

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