Advanced Hotkey Features

Some of the easiest keys to reach on the keyboard are also the least frequently used. Make these keys do something useful! For example, if you rarely use the right Alt key, make it perform the action you do most often:

RAlt::
MsgBox You pressed the right ALT key.
return

You can even do the above without losing the native function of the right Alt key by assigning the right Alt key to be a "prefix" for at least one other hotkey. In the below example, the right Alt has become a prefix, which automatically allows it to modify all other keys as it normally would. But if you press and release the right Alt key without having used it to modify another key, its hotkey action (above) will take effect immediately:

RAlt & j::AltTab

 

Don't be limited to using only CTRL, ALT, SHIFT, and WIN as modifiers; you can combine any two keys or mouse buttons to form a custom hotkey. For example: Hold down Numpad0 and press Numpad1 to launch a hotkey (syntax: Numpad0 & Numpad1::); hold down CapsLock and press another key, or click a mouse button (syntax: CapsLock & RButton::). In this case, the CapsLock key's state (on or off) is not changed when it is used to launch the hotkey. For details, see custom combinations of keys.

 

Convert the mouse wheel (or any other keys of your choice) into a complete substitute for Alt-Tab. Click the wheel to show or hide the menu, and turn it to navigate through the menu. The wheel will still function normally whenever the Alt-Tab menu isn't visible. Syntax:

MButton::AltTabMenu
WheelDown::AltTab
WheelUp::ShiftAltTab

 

Make a keyboard key become a mouse button, or have an action repeated continuously while you're holding down a key or mouse button. See the remapping page for examples.

 

Make your hotkeys context-sensitive: Have your easiest-to-reach hotkeys perform an action appropriate to the type of window you're working with. In the following example, the right Control key performs a different action depending on whether Notepad or Calculator is the active window:

#IfWinActive ahk_class Notepad
RControl::WinMenuSelectItem, , , File, Save  ; Save the current file in Notepad.

#IfWinActive Calculator
RControl::Send, ^c!{tab}^v  ; Copy the Calculator's result into the previously active window.

See #IfWinActive for details.

 

Hot-strings: Define abbreviations that expand as you type them. No special training or scripting experience is needed. For example, a script containing the following lines would expand ceo, cfo, and btw wherever you type them:

::ceo::Chief Executive Officer
::cfo::Chief Financial Officer
::btw::by the way

(more details)

 

Of special interest for gaming:

See the Hotkeys section for more detailed information.