Switch [v1.1.31+]

Compares a value with multiple cases and executes the statements of the first match.

Switch SwitchValue
Case CaseValue1:
Case CaseValue2a, CaseValue2b:



If omitted, the first case which evaluates to true (non-zero and non-empty) is executed. Otherwise, SwitchValue is evaluated once and compared to each case value until a match is found, and then that case is executed.

If there is no matching case and Default is present, it is executed.


The value to check or compare depending on whether SwitchValue is present.


Numeric comparison is performed if SwitchValue and the case value are both numbers or numeric strings. Each case value is considered separately and does not affect the type of comparison used for other case values. [v1.1.36+]: If either expression is a lone quoted string, the comparison is non-numeric. For example, switch v:="00" matches case "00": or case 0: but not case "0":.

StringCaseSense controls the case-sensitivity of string comparisons performed by Switch.

Each case may list up to 20 values. Each value must be an expression, but can be a simple one such as a literal number, quoted string or variable. Case and Default must be terminated with a colon.

The first statement of each case may be below Case or on the same line, following the colon. Each case implicitly ends at the next Case/Default or the closing brace. Unlike the switch statement found in some other languages, there is no implicit fall-through and Break is not used (except to break out of an enclosing loop).

As all cases are enclosed in the same block, a label defined in one case can be the target of Goto from another case. However, if a label is placed immediately above Case or Default, it targets the end of the previous case, not the beginning of the next one.

Default is not required to be listed last.

If (expression), Else, Blocks


Compares a number with multiple cases and shows the message box of the first match.

switch 2
case 1: MsgBox no match
case 2: MsgBox match
case 3: MsgBox no match

The SwitchValue parameter can be omitted to execute the first case which evaluates to true.

str := "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog"
case InStr(str, "blue"): MsgBox false
case InStr(str, "brown"): MsgBox true
case InStr(str, "green"): MsgBox false

This is a working hotkey example. There is a functionally equivalent example using if-else-if in the documentation for the Input command.

Input, UserInput, V T5 L4 C, {enter}.{esc}{tab}, btw,otoh,fl,ahk,ca
switch ErrorLevel
case "Max":
    MsgBox, You entered "%UserInput%", which is the maximum length of text.
case "Timeout":
    MsgBox, You entered "%UserInput%" at which time the input timed out.
case "NewInput":
    if InStr(ErrorLevel, "EndKey:")
        MsgBox, You entered "%UserInput%" and terminated the input with %ErrorLevel%.
switch UserInput
case "btw":   Send, {backspace 4}by the way
case "otoh":  Send, {backspace 5}on the other hand
case "fl":    Send, {backspace 3}Florida
case "ca":    Send, {backspace 3}California
case "ahk":   Run, https://www.autohotkey.com