HSL and HSV are the two most common cylindrical-coordinate representations of points in an RGB color model. HSL and HSV are used today in color pickers, in image editing software, and less commonly in image analysis and computer vision.
HSL stands for hue, saturation, and lightness (or luminosity), and is also often called HLS. HSV stands for hue, saturation, and value, and is also often called HSB (B for brightness).
This post contains two small libraries. The HSL library converts RGB (Red, Green, Blue) color values to and from HSL. The HSV library converts RGB color values to and from HSV.
I am not the author of these functions. I just extracted the code from the interwebs and made minor modifications to get them to work on AutoHotkey and to provide consistent input and output formats. See the References section for more information.
The pertinent files for the HSL library are as follows:
- Project: HSL.zip (Includes the library, example scripts, and links to web sites to confirm the results)
- Documentation: HSL.html
- Project: HSV.zip (Includes the library, example scripts, and links to web sites to confirm the results)
- Documentation: HSV.html
A few considerations:
- Which library? Both libraries do basically the same thing but they go about it differently. See the Wikipedia article in the References section for more information. Both models are widely used. In the "Choose Color" dialog, Microsoft uses the HSL model. Also, the CSS 3 specification allows web developers to specify colors directly with HSL values. According to this article, HSV is often used by artists. Many image editing programs (Ex: Photoshop) use the HSV model.
- Why are the input/output values a number between 0 and 1? All functions in both libraries require that all input values be a number from 0 to 1 and all return values are a number from 0 to 1. The primary reason is accuracy. A real number between 0 and 1 allows for billions of possible values whereas limiting the values to integers (0 to 100, 0 to 240, 0 to 255, 0 to 360, etc.) significantly limits the accuracy of the conversion. Another reason is flexibility. Although most RGB conversions are done for True Color (i.e. 24-bit color values), a real number input/output allows for easy adaptation to Deep Color (30/36/48-bit color values). For the other values, an input/output number between 0 and 1 allows the developer to determine the level of accuracy.
- Real Numbers: Internal vs. Display. The functions in these libraries do a lot of calculations with real numbers. By default, AutoHotkey will internally use 15 digits of precision for real (also known as float or floating) numbers but when these numbers are displayed (Ex: MsgBox, Outputdebug, etc.) or converted to strings, they are displayed with only 6 digits of precision. For example, the internal value might be 0.366666608774191 but will displayed as 0.366667. Note that in this example, the display version of the number is a rounded version of the internal number with 6 digits of precision. In rare situations, the discrepancy between the internal number and the display number can cause confusion. For example, if 0.366666608774191 is converted to a color between 0 and 255 (Ex: Color:=Round(MyRealNumber*255)), the result would correctly be 93. However, if this same calculation is performed manually using the display version of the number (i.e. 0.366667), the result will be 94. Although not recommended, AutoHotkey can be forced to use the same internal and display format with the SetFormat Float command.
- Testing. Although I've tested the heck out of these functions, it's almost impossible to test all possible values. If you find any bugs, please let me know. I will try to resolve the problem.
- HSL and HSV (Wikipedia)
Original Author: Unknown
This resource is a repost of code from a blog that was reposted from a web site (now defunct) that claimed that the function was created from formulas posted on Wikipedia. The link to the Wikipedia page is listed earlier in this section.
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2353 ... conversion
Original Author: Unknown
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/3018 ... 5-for-both
[Lib] Lossless Conversion: HSL to/from RGB
Similar library to convert to/from HSL.
https://autohotkey.com/board/topic/8254 ... ofrom-rgb/
I developed these libraries for a single "for fun" project to display and allow sorting of the Hue, Saturation, and Luminous values of a list of HTML colors. For most AutoHotkey developers, this is a low/no value project but I'm releasing it just in case someone needs it.